Statistically speaking, many of the individuals who have illegally crossed the U.S.-Mexico border in years past have had citizenship in Mexico.
The Pew Hispanic Center’s new report, “Net Migration from Mexico Falls to Zero – and Perhaps Less,” however, found that this historic trend has changed. Most Mexican-born U.S. residents came to the United States between the early 1970s and 2010. In the past few years, though, the number of Mexicans arriving in the United States dropped, and more Mexicans who were already in the United States are now returning to Mexico.
From 2005 to 2010, 1.4 million individuals moved from the U.S. to Mexico, an increase of almost double the number of individuals who made the same move between 1995 and 2000, according to the Pew Hispanic Center. Conversely, 3 million individuals moved from Mexico to the United States between 1995 and 2000, while only 1.4 million individuals did the same between 2005 and 2010. Data from the 2010 Mexico Census found that two times as many individuals with Mexican citizenship returned to Mexico from the United States in 2005 and 2010 (667,000) as had done so between 2000 and 2005 (1,393,000).
The number of repeat border crossers also fell in recent years, although some past border-crossers stories have a surprising reason why. According to an article on Terra USA, Daniel Hernandez, who attempted to cross the Arizona border without the proper immigration forms, said the walking and extreme temperatures weren’t very bad compared with the treatment border crossing attempters had to endure in jail.
“They locked us in. They yelled at us,” Hernandez told Terra. “They took our fingerprints and photographs. Now I’m marked. They told me if it happened again they would put me in prison for five years.”