The Transaction Records Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University in New York collects and studies federal prosecution records. The researchers found that the U.S. government has been losing more deportation cases every year since 2009. Nearly half of the immigrants facing deportation from the U.S. are winning their cases before an immigration judge, which is the highest success rate in more than 20 years.
During both his presidential campaigns, President Barack Obama vowed to reform the immigration laws in the U.S. He created a program in 2012 to protect the children of immigrants from deportation, called Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. This plan allowed thousands of young undocumented immigrants to stay in the U.S. for up to two years and earn a work permit. The president has also issued orders in the recent past for immigration authorities to use discretion when deciding which undocumented immigrants living in the country should be deported. Many advocates for immigrant rights believe that those individuals that do not pose a threat to national security or public safety should be allowed to stay in the U.S. with their families.
Despite his protective measures, nearly 2 million immigrants have been deported by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) under the Obama administration. According to the report submitted by TRAC, since the beginning of the 2014 budget year immigration judges have ruled in favor of immigrants in about half of the 42,816 cases heard. Undocumented immigrants in California, New York and Oregon have been the most successful, while judges in Georgia, Louisiana and Utah have backed the government.
Republicans in the House have discussed a plan that touches on both border security and the future of the more than 11 million undocumented immigrants thought to be living in the United States. House Speaker John Boehner has said it would be difficult for an immigration bill to pass this year, but during his State of the Union address, President Obama promised to keep using his authority to address the different issues facing immigrants today.