United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) offers two main types of visas, which are broken down into more specific categories. These two types of U.S. visas are known as immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
Immigrant visas are granted to individuals who want to work toward becoming a citizen of the United States. The U.S. government provides a limited amount of these visas, and applicants are often placed on a waiting list before they receive their visa.
A nonimmigrant visa is designed for those people who permanently reside outside the U.S. but want to enter the country on a temporary basis. Some reasons for this might include tourism, business, temporary work or study, and medical treatment. Nonimmigrant visas generally do not require a waiting period, but they do not authorize the holder to live and work in the U.S.
A large number of subcategories of visas exist within these two classifications. For individuals interested in entering the U.S., it is encouraged to do some research into the best visa for their needs. The visas that are available are situation-specific, so applicants should be aware of the requirements for each type. There are specific nonimmigrant visas for business visitors, tourists, fiances of U.S. citizens, medical travelers, government officials and more. Those who can recieve visas to live and work in this country include employer-sponsored immigrants, family-sponsored immigrants, and immediate relatives of U.S. citizens.
It is very important that applicants know which type of visa will meet their needs. Applying for the wrong visa will not only delay the process, but can potentially bar the applicant from performing the tasks they came to the U.S. to complete.