¿Qué es el USCIS?

The US is often described. UU. as a “melting pot of cultures.” People from all over the world migrate to the country in search of a better life for themselves or their families. Others come here in search of advanced education in our faculties and universities. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) is the federal agency responsible for overseeing the legal immigration of foreign citizens who establish themselves temporarily or permanently in the United States. UU., And is responsible for granting or denying immigration benefits to such persons. But in addition to the legal entry, the  USCIS It is also in charge of those who enter the US illegally. UU., Making sure that those people do not receive benefits, such as social security or unemployment benefits, and investigates, detains and deportes those who live illegally in the US. UU.

The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) was established on March 1, 2003 and is under the scope of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Before that date, the  Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was responsible for all things related to immigration, including administrative and investigative functions. After the events of September 11, 2001, the US Congress. UU. passed the National Security Act of 2002, which led to the dismantling of the INS and the creation of three agencies within the DHS to improve national security and effectiveness: the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS), which is responsible for the functions of the immigration service, such as those mentioned below; and the offices of the Immigration and Customs Control Service (ICE) and the Customs and Border Protection Service (CBP), which are responsible for the functions of border security and immigration control. Before becoming the USCIS, This was shortly appointed US Office of Citizenship and Immigration Services (BCIS). UU.

Unlike most federal agencies, most of the USCIS budget (99%) comes from fees that it collects when processing millions of requests and requests for immigration benefits per year.

Here are some of the services that the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) provides:

* Citizenship (includes the related naturalization process): People who wish to become US citizens through naturalization send their applications, such as  Form N-400 , to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service. The USCIS determines eligibility, processes applications and, if approved, schedules an oath of allegiance ceremony for the applicant. The USCIS can help determine eligibility and provide documentation of U.S. citizenship in the case of people who acquired U.S. citizenship through their parents using  Form N-600 .

* Immigration of relatives: The USCIS also manages the process that allows current permanent residents and US citizens to bring their immediate relatives to live and work in the US. UU. by sending forms such as  Form I-130 .

* Work in the US UU .: The USCIS administers the process that allows people from other countries to enter and work in the US. UU. Some opportunities are temporary, and others provide a way to obtain a green card (permanent residence).

* Verify the legal right of a person to work in the US. UU .: The USCIS manages the system that allows participating employers to electronically verify the employment eligibility of their newly hired employees.

* Humanitarian programs for asylees and refugees: The USCIS administers humanitarian programs that provide protection to people inside and outside the US. UU. who are displaced by war, hunger, and political and civil conflicts, and those who are forced to flee their countries to escape the risk of death or torture at the hands of persecutors.

* Adoptions: The USCIS manages the first steps in the process for US citizens to adopt children from other countries.

* Civic integration: The USCIS promotes instruction and training on citizenship rights and responsibilities and provides immigrants with the information and tools necessary to successfully integrate into American civic culture.

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